WHAT ARE OVARIAN CYSTS?
An ovarian cyst is an accumulation of fluid within an ovary that is surrounded by a thin “shell” and can be as small as a pea or become so large that a woman looks pregnant.
Occurring most frequently during a woman’s reproductive years, ovarian cysts can cause pain and bleeding and may be an early form of ovarian cancer. In situations where the cyst is large, causes pain or bleeding, or may be cancerous, physicians may recommend surgical removal
WHO GETS OVARIAN CYSTS?
About 8% of premenopausal women develop large cysts that need treatment. There are several types of ovarian cysts that fall into this category
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
Most of the time, ovarian cysts are small, harmless and cause no symptoms. In some cases, cysts may cause problems if they get larger, if they twist (ovarian torsion), or if they burst and cause internal bleeding. Immediate attention and treatment is then needed.
If you have an ovarian cyst, you might experience any of the following symptoms:
Menstrual irregularities or abnormal bleeding
Dull ache in your lower back or thighs
Pelvic pain shortly before or after the beginning of your menstrual cycle
Pelvic pain with intercourse
Fullness or heaviness in your abdomen
Nausea, vomiting or bloating
Pressure on your bowel or pain during bowel movements
Difficulty emptying your bladder completely
HOW ARE OVARIAN CYSTS TREATED?
In many cases, observation may be all that is necessary, especially for small cysts that don’t produce any symptoms. However, women who experience bothersome symptoms due to ovarian cysts may require an ovarian cystectomy.
Ovarian cystectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that uses laparoscopy to remove the cyst while still preserving the ovary so women can remain fertile. However, not all women are candidates for ovarian cystectomy, especially if the cyst is very large, the ovary is twisted due to the cyst or malignancy is suspected. In post-menopausal women, removal of the ovary and cyst (oophorectomy) is preferred as the risk of malignancy is greater
WHEN IS SURGERY NECESSARY TO TREAT OVARIAN CYSTS?
Ovarian cysts that are not part of a menstrual cycle are known as ovarian tumors. Some tumors can be cystic (or filled with fluid), some can be solid, and some can have both cystic and solid components. Ovarian tumors usually do not resolve and require surgical removal.
Credit - gynsurgeryinfo.org/ovarian-cysts/